What is the status of the Bible, Torah and other religious scriptures in Islam?
In Islam, all divinely revealed scriptures (in their original forms) are considered to be rightful sources of guidance. This is professed by the Quran and the sunna of the Prophet. (Quran 2:91, 97; 3:3, 50; 4:47; 5:46, 48; 35:31; 46:30; 61:6) All divinely revealed scriptures, including the Quran, share common spiritual and moral teachings. The differences within the scriptures pertain to specific jurisprudential rulings that fluctuate depending on the demands and needs of the societies in which the scriptures were revealed. For example, we find that the method of fasting and praying differs in the revealed scriptures, however their underlying spiritual value remains the same. Another example is that of the penalty of stoning criminals to death, which was prescribed in previous divinely revealed scriptures. These laws were, however, negated by the Islamic Sharia as it no longer met the needs of the Prophet’s community. (Man lā yaḥḍuruhu al-faqīh, 1:10)